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Palynological StudiesBack to laboratory facilities

  • Fossilized plants and their spores and pollen preserved in the rocks through geological ages are studied in the subject of palaeobotany, under which Palynology deals with the study of the palynomorphs i.e. spores and pollen.
  • Palynological research is based on field and laboratory studies. The acquired knowledge/data is utilized to resolve different geological problems related to age, boundary, local / basinal /regional / correlation and zonation of stratigraphic sequence.

  • Collection and preparation of samples:

    Samples for spores and pollen study are collected from field either from the surface or subsurface, depending on the availability. About 20 – 25 gm are usually collected. Mostly coal, lignite and associated sediments (preferably grey, black and carbonaceous shale) are analyzed to ascertain the potentiality of the terrain.
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Laboratory studies ---Processing (maceration):

The basic purpose of maceration is to extract, concentrate and preserve the microfossils. For extraction the sample is exposed to various acid treatments to dissolve the minerals. The chemicals vary with the rock types. In between the acid treatments, sieving and centrifuging are carried out for removal of unwanted material, concentration of required material and acid removal. Between each stage of acid treatment the maceration process is monitored under the biological microscope. At the final stage the residual material is concentrated by panning and stored in liquid medium like glycerine + water for study as temporary slides or preserved as permanent slides with DPX mount.
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Existing location:

    NCEGR, Kolkata

    Additional Director General
    National Mission Head-IV
    Central Headquater
    Geological Survey of India
    15 A & B Kyd Street
    Fax- 033-22861716
    Email- hodm4@gsi.gov.in


Identification at the final stage is carried out under a high resolution Inverted Biological Microscope. Important and reference images of the palynomorphs are stored in an Image Analyzer (a powerful computer with requisite software) for future reference.Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the palynoflora have been successfully utilized in coal and lignite exploration by solving stratigraphic ambiguity, understanding vegetation history, palaeogeography and in outlining particular environmental features.
For any feedback or issues, please write to ocbis.helpdesk@gsi.gov.in or call IP Phone 10013/10014, BSNL 033-2357-1775
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